Frozen Tatzelwurm Waterfall in the Bavarian Alps. The waterfall is located in the Mangfall mountains west of Oberaudorf. Water rolls down the deep gorge over two rocky stages.
For Musilin: Call Her Fatimah, photographer Giulia Marchi traces the experience of modern Chinese Muslim women through 22-year-old Ding Lan, one of the many young people studying at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt. Mostly in their early twenties, Ding Lan, whose Muslim name is Fatimah, and her peers make the journey from their hometowns throughout the provinces Gansu, Qinghai, Ningxia, and Henan in hopes of building a deeper understanding of their cultural history outside of China, where they make up the minority population. At the university, students study the Koran and Islamic law while learning to read and write in Arabic.
The question I’m asked most often as a defense attorney is whether I can tell if my clients are innocent or guilty.
I don’t care.
Does anyone else remember playing music in Real One Player and just sitting there and watching this for like two hours
Eritrea’s nine ethnic groups (from left to right):
- The Afar people, also known as the Danakil, are an ethnic group in the Horn of Africa. They primarily live in the Afar region of Ethiopia, northern Djibouti and the southeastern region of Eritrea. The Afar people are primarily Sunni Muslim.
- The Bilen people, also known as the Bogo or North Agaw, are an ethnic group in the Horn of Africa. They are primarily concentrated in central Eritrea, in and around the city of Keren, and south toward Asmara, the nation’s capital. The Bilen practice both Christianity and Islam.
- The Hedareb people include the Beni-Amer people who have retained the use of the Beja language, the To-Bedawi (Hedareb). They also include the subtribes: Hashish, Labat, and Halenqua. The Hedareb people are predominately Sunni Muslims who typically live in the central highlands of Eritrea. Most Hedareb speakers speak at least one other language to assimilate to the majority, typically Arabic or Tigre. They are also one of the nine linguistically defined sub-nationalities of Eritrea.
- The Kunama are a Nilotic people living in Eritrea and Ethiopia. 80% of Kunamas live in Eritrea yet make up only 2% of the population of Eritrea, where they are one of the smallest ethnic groups. Most of the estimated 100,000 Kunama live in the remote and isolated area between the Gash and Setit rivers near the border with Ethiopia. The Kunama speak a Nilo-Saharan language unrelated to the dominant languages in Eritrea and Ethiopia. Although some Kunama still practice traditional beliefs, most are Sunni Muslim or Orthodox Christians.
- The Nara are a Nilotic ethnic group living in Eritrea and make up less than 1% of the population. The Nara people are generally Muslim, with a minority of people following Christianity and a few still practicing their indigenous beliefs. The Nara name means “Sky Heaven” and Speak a language called Nara-Bana, which means “Nara-Talk”. The Nara are divided into four subtribes, the Higir, Mogareb, Koyta, Santora. They are typically agrarian and today have settled mostly along the border with Sudan.
- The Rashaida or Rashaayda are an Arab tribe populating Eritrea and north-east Sudan. In 1846, many Rashaida migrated from Hejaz in present day Saudi Arabia into Eritrea and north-east Sudan. The Rashaida are Arabs who kept their traditional dress, culture, customs, camel breeds and religion (Sunni Islam). The racing camel breeds of the Rashaida tribe are prized all over Sudan and the Arabian Peninsula and fetch very high prices. The Rashaida speak Hejazi Arabic.
- The Saho, sometimes called Soho, are an ethnic group inhabiting the Horn of Africa. They are principally concentrated in the Southern and Northern Red Sea regions of Eritrea, but some also live in adjacent parts of Ethiopia. They speak Saho as a mother tongue, which belongs to the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family.
- The Tigre are an ethnic group residing in Eritrea and Sudan. They are a nomadic and pastoralist people, related to the Tigray-Tigrinya people of Eritrea and Ethiopia and to the Beja people of Sudan. They are a predominantly Muslim nomadic people who inhabit the northern, western, and coastal lowlands of Eritrea (Gash-Barka, Anseba and Northern Red Sea regions of Eritrea), as well as areas in eastern Sudan. 99.5% of the Tigre people adhere to the Islamic religion Sunni Islam, but there are a considerable amount of Christians among them as well (often referred to as the Mensaï in Eritrea).
- Tigray-Tigrinya are an ethnic group who live in the southern, central and northern parts of Eritrea and the northern highlands of Ethiopia’s Tigray province. They also live in Ethiopia’s former provinces of Begemder (Gonder) and Wollo, which are today mostly part of Amhara Region, though a few regions (e.g. Wolqayt, Tselemti, Raya, Humera) were incorporated instead into modern Tigray Region. Their language is called Tigrinya. They make up approximately 96.6% of the inhabitants of the Tigray Region, and are 6.1% of the population of Ethiopia as a whole, numbering little more than 5.7 million. Tigrinya speakers are 55% of the population in neighboring Eritrea at about 3.4 million people.
“After this I go to work at a pizza shop. My wife and I were college professors in Bangladesh. I taught accounting. But one dollar in America becomes eighty dollars when we send it back home.”
People forget, when immigrants come to this country they start from scratch. They could have been lawyers in their home country, but in the US..it means nothing. You think a HS diploma from Bangladesh means anything in this country? My mom was a top student in the country, went to all the best school and got the best of everything…but when she got here it meant squat and she was cleaning other people’s homes and scrubbing their toilets. This is why I get pissed of when people talk smack about immigrants. They at least are doing something…..heading for a goal..making sacrifices…what are you doing with your life?
^ My parents were college-educated teachers in their home country and came to the U.S. with nothing but empty pockets, a dash of hope, and a belief in God. They also scrubbed toilets in people’s homes to make enough to provide for their children, and that’s probably not something a lot of educated professionals would be able to do. I know I wouldn’t be able to do it. Pride would get in the way.
THIS IS TOO IMPORTANT.
Shoutout to my parents
and you know, shout out to our im/migrant parents who were not college educated before they came to the U.S and don’t share a narrative of going from “riches to rags.” shout out to my im/migrant parents who were laborers at home and are still laborers here.
i think it’s important to honor the complexities of our parents histories and uplift their triumphs but let’s remember to do so in a way that honors all of the ways im/migrants exist and all of the places we and our parents come from. we don’t have to prove that capitalism, white supremacy, classism, etc is awful because our parents were once revered college professors or doctors. we don’t have to believe in that assimilation.